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crazy science

Goals:

  • To learn how to study in English using Science.
  • To learn Science vocabulary in English.
  • To learn about Science

Content: The content will be divided into different units. We will give you a booklet for each unit. These are some of the topics will learn in Science class:

  • Gravity and Magnets
  • The Solar system
  • Machines
  • Groups of Animals

You can learn the words on memrise.com the course name is CZS NARNIA 4THGRADE SCIENCE. http://www.memrise.com/course/379099/czs-narnia-4th-gra

How to succeed in Science class:

  • Listen! We will talk about many interesting things so you must listen!
  • Do your homework.
  • Study for the mini vocabulary quizzes.
  • Participate in class – ask questions, answer questions, give your opinion.
  • Have a good attitude.
  • Try your best.
  • Enjoy what we do.

What to do if you are absent (not in class):  

  • Check Edupage or come speak to your teacher.
  • Hand in the homework the next time you have Science.
  • If you forget your homework, you will get a Sad Face. To remove the Sad Face, you have 1 week to bring in the homework

 

ENJOY LEARNING SCIENCE WITH MR.BARRY AND MISS.DIANNA 🙂

Unit 2

Universe and Galaxies

Universe, Galaxies and Black holes

 

VOCABULARY

ENGLISH SLOVAK
Universe vesmír
Planets planéty
Solar system Slnečná sústava
Black holes čiernej diery
Stars hviezdičky
Billion miliarda
Explode explodovať
Air vzduch
Breathe dýchať
Spacesuit skafander

YOU CAN LEARN THIS VOCABULARY ON THE NARNIA MEMRISE COURSE.

INTRODUCTION QUESTIONS

Remember to write full sentences.

How big is the universe?________________________________

____________________________________________________________

What is the name of our Galaxy?_____________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

How many stars are in our Galaxy?__________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

THE UNIVERSE

The Universe is about 14 billion years old. The Big Bang formed the universe. The Big Bang was a big explosion. We don’t know why it happened. The universe is very big and it is getting bigger every day, just like you.

The universe is made up of everything – planets, solar systems, galaxies and black holes.

GALAXIES

A galaxy is a group of stars and planets. There are 170 billion galaxies that we know in the universe. There might be more!!!!

Galaxies are many different shapes and sizes, some have few stars and some have a lot of stars.

MILKY WAY

Our galaxy is called the Milky Way. It takes 120,000 light years to travel from one side of the Milky Way to the other side.  A light year is how far light travels in 1 year.  1 light year = 9,460,730,472,580,800 metres.  The Milky Way has 400 billion stars and about 400 billion planets too.

BLACK HOLES

Black holes are in the centre of galaxies. They have strong gravity. We can’t see black holes. Black holes form when old stars explode. Black holes can be very big. They can pull stars into them.

AIR AND TEMPERATURE IN SPACE

There is no air in space to breathe and it can be very hot and very cold in space. Astronauts wear a spacesuit when they are in space. This suit gives them oxygen and protects from the extreme heat and cold. If astronauts didn’t have this spacesuit, travelling to and living in space would be impossible.

                                                                                                           

ACTIVITY

MAKE YOUR OWN UNIVERSE

You need

·         A glass jar/ plastic bottle.

·         Some sequins.

·         Some glitter.

·         Some foil.

·         Water

·         Some food colouring ( optional)

Add everything together and shake it.

 

Use the Universe you made today.

Q1. What is the name of your Universe?

________________________________________________________________________

Q2. How many galaxies does your Universe have?

________________________________________________________________________

Q3. Name one of the galaxies.

________________________________________________________________________

Q4. How many stars and planets does your universe have?

________________________________________________________________________

Q5. Name one of the planets.

________________________________________________________________________

 

                 LESSON CHECK

Remember to use complete sentences!

Q1. What is a galaxy?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Q2. How many galaxies are there?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Q3. What is the name of our galaxy?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Q4. How many stars and planets are in the Milky Way?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

Q5. Do black holes have strong or weak gravity?

___________________________________________________________________________________

Q6. Why do astronauts wear a spacesuit?

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

NASA ADVENT CALENDAR 

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2018/12/2018-hubble-space-telescope-advent-calendar/577129/

 

 

 

 

Unit 2

Exploring the Night Sky and Space

EXPLORING THE NIGHT SKY AND STARS

VOCABULARY

ENGLISH SLOVAK
telescope

observatory

planetarium

constellations

near

shape

orbit

gas

solar system

teleskop

hvezdáreň

planetárium

súhvezdie

blízko

tvar

obiehať

plyn

slnečná sústava

YOU CAN LEARN THIS VOCABULARY ON THE NARNIA MEMRISE COURSE.

INTRODUCTION QUESTIONS

Remember to write full sentences.

How do we look at stars and planets from Earth?____________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________

Can stars help when we are travelling? ____________________________________________

Telescopes.

Telescopes are used to look at planets and stars. There are many different types of telescopes. Some are small and some are very, very big. The most famous telescope is the Hubble Space Telescope. This telescope went into space in 1990. It is 25 years old. It has taken some of the best pictures of stars and galaxies.

Observatories are buildings where people study stars, planets, and galaxies. An observatory has one or two very big telescopes. Observatories are usually on top of mountains.

Planetariums are theatres. Here you can see videos about the Universe. Have you visited a planetarium?

__________________________________________________________________________________

Stars

A star is a bright ball of very hot gases. The Sun is the nearest star to Earth. The next nearest star to Earth is Proxima Centaure. It is 4.2 light years away. This means it takes 4.2 light years for the light from this start to reach Earth. It would take 75,000 years to visit this star in a spaceship.

Stars are many different colours.  This depends on how hot the stars are.

From coldest- hottest:

·         Brown

·         Red

·         Orange

·         Yellow

·         White/Blue

When you look at the stars, you are looking back in time!!

Constellations

Constellations are a group of stars that make a shape in the sky. There are 88 constellations.

Orion It is in the shape of a hunter.
Large Bear It looks like a bear. Inside this constellation, there is another constellation called the Big Dipper. The Big Dipper helps us find the north direction.
Little Bear It looks like a little bear. It has the North Star. The North Star helps us when we are travelling.
Draco It is the shape of a dragon.
Peagus It in the shape of a flying horse.

 

Planets

There are eight planets in our solar system.  All the planets orbit the sun.

·         Mercury is the closet planet to the sun. It is the 2nd hottest and the smallest planet. It has no moons.

·         Venus is the 2nd closet planet to the sun. It is the hottest planet. It is slightly smaller than Earth. It has no moons. You can see Venus at sunrise and sunset.

·         Earth is the 3rd planet. It has 1 moon. It is the fifth largest planet in the solar system.

·         Mars is called the red planet. It is smaller than earth. It has ice at its North and South poles. It has 2 moons.

·         Jupiter is the biggest planet. It is so big that all other planets could fit inside it. There is a storm on Jupiter that has lasted for hundreds of years.

·         Saturn is the 2nd biggest planet. The rings around the planet are made of ice chunks. It has 7 moons.

·         Uranus is an icy planet. It has 11 rings and 22 moons.

·         Neptune is 4 times bigger than Earth. It is a blue colour. It has strongest storms in the solar system.

ACTIVITY

With the materials you have brought to class, create your own telescope. We will give you the constellations.

Q1. Draw the constellations you saw.

FOR FUN

Explore the stars: https://stars.chromeexperiments.com/

VIDEO

 

 

LESSON CHECK

Q1. Where are observatories?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q2. How far away is Proxima Centaure in light years?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q3. What colour is the hottest star?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q4. What color is the coldest star?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q5. Name 2 constellations?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q6. Which is the biggest planet?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Q7. Which is the hottest planet?

________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

Unit 1

Magnets

 

VOCABULARY

ENGLISH SLOVAK
to attract priťahovať
iron železo
to repel odpudzovať
to surround obklopiť
north pole severný pól
south pole južný pól
magnetic magnetický
magnetic field magnetické pole
magnetism magnetizmus


YOU CAN LEARN THIS VOCABULARY ON THE NARNIA MEMRISE COURSE.

INTRODUCTION QUESTIONS.

Remember to write full sentences.

Have you ever played with a magnet?

________________________________________________________________________________________

What did the magnet stick to?

________________________________________________________________________________________

What didn’t the magnet stick to?

________________________________________________________________________________________

MAGNETS

Magnets can pull or attract certain metals. This is magnetism. Anything that a magnet can attract is magnetic. Magnets cannot pick up anything that is not magnetic. Usually these things are made of metals, like iron or nickel.

The area surrounding, or around, a magnet, where it can attract something magnetic, is called a magnetic field. The larger the magnet, the larger its magnetic field.

Magnets are in many things. For example, they are in washing machines, fridges, phones and televisions.

A magnet has two points called poles. One end is called the north pole and the other is called the south pole. A north and south pole of two magnets will attract each other and stick together.  Two north poles or two south poles will not attract each other and will not stick together. They will repel each other.

The Earth is a Magnet

The earth is a magnet. It has a North Pole and a South Pole. A compass is a tool that points to the north pole of the Earth. It helps people find their way when they are traveling.

Birds, some fish, some insects, and other animals have tiny magnets inside their bodies. Scientists think that these tiny magnets help the animals to find their way home.

ACTIVITY

 

Using the magnet that you have been given, find 5 things in your classroom that are magnetic and 5 that are non-magnetic.

 

MAGNETIC NON-MAGNETIC

Why did your magnet stick to these magnetic things?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Why did your magnet not stick to the non-magnetic things?

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

LESSON CHECK

Remember to use complete sentences!

Q1. What is a magnet?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q2. Do two magnetic north poles attract or repel?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q3. Does a north pole and a south pole attract or repel?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q4. Can magnets attract non-metal things?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q5. What is the area around a magnet called?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q6. What is a compass? Which way does it point?

________________________________________________________________________________________

VIDEO LINKS

Enjoy 🙂

Unit 1

Globes and Gravity

VOCABULARY

ENGLISH SLOVAK
Earth zem
gravity gravitácia
force sila
gravitational field gravitačne pole
globe glóbus

YOU CAN LEARN THIS VOCABULARY ON THE NARNIA MEMRISE COURSE.

Introduction Questions

Remember to write full sentences.

Why do things fall?________________________________________________________________________________________

What shape is the Earth?

________________________________________________________________________________________

THE GLOBE

 

The Earth is round. A globe is a model of the earth.

A force is when two things interact to cause at least one of them to move. Gravity is a force that pulls things together. Gravity is similar to magnetism except that it attracts everything and not only metal objects.

The larger the object, the bigger it’s gravitational field (similar to a magnet and its magnetic field). Gravity is the reason things fall. If there was no gravity, things would not fall.

ACTIVITY

Using the toy figures you have been given, build a zip-line. You need to find a way to send the toy man down the string without touching him or letting him touch the floor. When you are done, answer these questions with complete sentences.

Q1. Draw a picture of your zip-line.

Q2. How could you make your Lego man go down the zip-line faster?

_______________________________________________________________

Q3. What made your Lego man go down the zip-line?

_______________________________________________________________

LESSON CHECK

Q1. What shape is the earth?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q2. Why do things fall?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q3. What are the two differences between magnetism and gravity?

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q4. Which has a stronger gravitational field, a smaller object or a bigger object? Why?

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Unit 1

Moon and Shadows

VOCABULARY

 

ENGLISH SLOVAK
shadow tieň
straight lines priamky
to block blokovať
closer bližšie
farther ďalej
moon mesiac
phases fázy

YOU CAN LEARN THIS VOCABULARY ON THE NARNIA MEMRISE COURSE.

INTRODUCTION QUESTIONS

Q1. Why do we have night and day? Where is the sun at night?

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q2. Why can we see the moon?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q3. What happens to the moon during the month?

________________________________________________________________________________________

SHADOWS

What happens when you stand in front of a light? You can see your shadow. Why is our shadow black?

Light moves in straight lines. When something stands in front of light, it blocks the light. No light can get through and so we have darkness. This is why our shadows are black. A shadow is a place where there is no light.

If we move closer to the light, our shadows get bigger. Our shadows get bigger because we are blocking out more light.

If we move farther away, our shadows get smaller, because we are blocking out less light.

 

THE MOON

The Moon is a small “rock” near the Earth. It is near the Earth because of Earth’s gravitational force. If Earth’s gravitational force was stronger, the Moon would be pulled into the Earth.

We can see the Moon because of the light from the sun.  We see different parts of the moon during one month. This is called the phases of the moon. The phases of the moon are due to the position of the moon, earth and sun. There are six phases of the moon.

moon_phases

Activity

Using a lamp, try to make these shadow animals.

shadows

LESSON CHECK

Q1. Why can we see the moon? _________________________________________________________

Q2. Draw and name the 6 phases of the moon.

Q3. What happens when we get closer to a light?

________________________________________________________________________________________

Q4. What happens when we get farther away from a light?

________________________________________________________________________________________